Topic 12: Active Efforts Requirement

List of cases for Topic #12 arranged by state in reverse-chronological order.

See "About the Guide" on the ICWA Guide Online home page for the date of last update.


Alabama

Long v. State, 527 So. 2d 133 (Ala. Civ. App. 1988) - [Topic - #12, #14]


Alaska

Christina v. State, Dept. of Health and Social Servs., Office of Children’s Servs. , (Alaska 2011) WL 2652396 - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

Darcy F. v. State, Dept. of Health & Social Servs., Office of Children’s Servs., , 252 P.3d 992 (Alaska 2011) - [Topic - #12] - Added 09/2011

Charles J. v. State, Dept. of Health & Social Servs., Office of Children’s Servs., , 2010 WL 5129190 (Alaska) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

Lucy J. v. State of Alaska, 244 P.3d 1099 (Alaska 2010) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

Pravat P. v. State Dept. of Health & Social Servs., Office of Children’s Servs, 249 P.3d 264 (Alaska 2011) - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2011

Dale H. v. State, 235 P. 3d 203 (Alaska 2010) – [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2010

Danielle M. v. State, 215 P.3rd 349 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #6, #12, #13, #16] - Added 09/2010

Roland L. v. State, 204 P.3rd 453 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2010

Dashiell v. State, 222 P.3rd 841 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2010

Sandy B. v. State, 216 P.3rd 1180 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2010

Jon S. v. State, 212 P.3rd 756 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2010

Roland L. v. State, 206 P.3d 453 (Alaska 2009) - [Topic - #12] - Added 11/2009

Jon S. v. State, 212 P.3d 756 (Alaska 2009) – [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

Thomas H. v. State, 184 P.3d 9 (Alaska 2008) – [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

Wilson W. v. State, 185 P.3d 94 (Alaska 2008) [Topic - #12] - Added 11/2009

Gilbert M. v. State, 139 P.3d 581 (Alaska 2006) - [Topic - #1, #3, #12]

Wendell C., II v. State, 118 P.3d 1 (Alaska 2005) - [Topic - #12, #13]

J.A. v. State, 50 P.3d 395 (Alaska 2002) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

J.S. v. State, 50 P.3d 388 (Alaska 2002) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #16, #19]

E.A. v. State, 46 P.3d 986 (Alaska 2002) - [Topic - #3, #12, #13, #14]

V.S.B. v. State, 45 P.3d 1198 (Alaska 2002)- [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

D.J. v. P.C., 36 P.3d 663 (Alaska 2001) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

T.F. v. State, 26 P.3d 1089 (Alaska 2001) - [Topic - #1, #12, #13]

N.A. v. State, 19 P.3d 597 (Alaska 2001) - [Topic - #12, #13]

C.J. v. State, 18 P.3d 1214 (Alaska 2001) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

A.A. v. State, 982 P.2d 256 (Alaska 1999) - [Topic - #1, #12, #13]

E.M. v. State, 959 P.2d 766 (Alaska 1998) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

A.M. v. State (A.M. II), 945 P.2d 296 (Alaska 1997) - [Topic - #12, #13]

D.H. v. State, 929 P.2d 650 (Alaska 1996) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re J.W., 921 P.2d 604 (Alaska 1996) - [Topic - #12, #13]

K.N. v. State, 856 P.2d 468 (Alaska 1993) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Arizona

Yvonne L. v. Ariz. Dept. of Econ. Sec., 2011 WL 2419857 - [Topic - #12, #16] - Added 09/2011


Arkansas

No relevant cases have been found.

California

In re C.B., 117 Cal. Rptr. 3d 846 (Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4, #12, #13] - Added 09/2011

In re M.B., 107 Cal. Rptr. 3d 107 (Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #16] - Added 09/2010

In re K.B., 93 Cal.Rptr.3d 751 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #4, #12, #16, #18, #20] - Added 11/2009

In re A.A.., 84 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 841 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #11, #12, #13, #18] - Added 09/2010

In re A.A., 84 Cal.Rptr.3d 841 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #12, #13, #16] - Added 11/2009

In re Hannah S., 48 Cal. Rptr. 3d 605 (Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #1, #12, #13, #14, #16]

In re William G., 107 Cal. Rptr. 2d 436 (Ct. App. 2001) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #12, #13]

Letitia V. v. Superior Court, 97 Cal. Rptr. 2d 303 (Ct. App. 2000) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re Michael G., 74 Cal. Rptr. 2d 642 (Ct. App. 1998) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re Riva M., 286 Cal. Rptr. 592 (Ct. App. 1991) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re Crystal K., 276 Cal. Rptr. 619 (Ct. App. 1990) - [Topic - #1, #12, #13, #14]


Colorado

People ex rel. C.Z., 2010 WL 5058350 (Colo.App. 2010) - [Topic - #4, #12] - Added 09/2011

In re J.O., 170 P.3d 840 (Colo. 2007) - [Topic - #3, #4, #12, #13, #20] - Added 2/2008

In re N.B., No. 06CA1325 (Colo. Ct. App. Sept. 6, 2007) - [Topic - #1, #12, #13, #17]

In re K.D., 155 P.3d 634 (Colo. Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re A.G.-G., 899 P.2d 319 (Colo. Ct. App. 1995) - [Topic - #1, #9, #12]


Connecticut

In re Jessica T., 1993 WL 566662 (Conn. Super. Ct. Dec. 20, 1993) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Delaware

No relevant cases have been found.


District of Colombia

No relevant cases have been found.


Florida

No relevant cases have been found.


Georgia

No relevant cases have been found.


Hawaii

No relevant cases have been found.


Idaho

In re Baby Boy Doe (Baby Boy Doe II), 902 P.2d 477 (Idaho 1995) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #16, #17, #18]


Illinois

In re D.D., 897 N.E.2d 917 (Ill. App. Ct. 2008) - [Topic - #6, #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2010

In re D.D., Jr., 897 N.E.2d 917 (Ill. App. Ct. 2008) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

In re Cari B., 763 N.E.2d 917 (Ill. App. Ct. 2002) - [Topic - #12, #13]


Indiana

No relevant cases have been found.


Iowa

In re A.R., 690 N.W.2d 699 (Iowa Ct. App. 2004) (unpublished table decision) available at No. 04-0745, 2004 WL 2002834 (Iowa Ct. App. Sept. 9, 2004) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re L.N.W., 457 N.W.2d 17 (Iowa Ct. App. 1990) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re R.L.F., 437 N.W.2d 599 (Iowa Ct. App. 1989) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Kansas

In re M.F., 206 P. 3rd 57 (Kan. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #11, #12, #13, #20] - Added 09/2010

In re A.P., 961 P.2d 706 (Kan. Ct. App. 1998) - [Topic - #5, #7, #12, #13, #14]


Kentucky

No relevant cases have been found.


Louisiana

No relevant cases have been found.


Maine

In re Annette P., 589 A.2d 924 (Me. 1991) - [Topic - #12, #13]


Maryland

In re Nicole B., 976 A.2d 1039 (Md. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #12]


Massachusetts

No relevant cases have been found.


Michigan

In re J.L., 2009 WL 2031867 (Mich. 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13, #19] - Added 11/2009

In re ROE, 764 N.W.2d 789 (Mich. Ct. App. 2008) – [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 11/2009

In re Dougherty, 599 N.W.2d 772 (Mich. Ct. App. 1999) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re Kreft, 384 N.W.2d 843 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986) - [Topic - #3, #12, #13, #14, #20]

In re Morgan, 364 N.W.2d 754 (Mich. Ct. App. 1985) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #20]


Minnesota

In re S.L.J, 782 N.W. 2d 549 (Minn. 2010 ) - [Topic - #12] - Added 09/2010

In re S.W., 727 N.W.2d 144 (Minn. Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #10, #12, #14, #20]

In re J.B., 698 N.W.2d 160 (Minn. Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #1, #4, #12, #13, #14]

Sayers ex rel. Sayers v. Beltrami County, 481 N.W.2d 547 (Minn. 1992) - [Topic - #10, #12]

In re M.S.S., 465 N.W.2d 412 (Minn. Ct. App. 1991) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re W.R., 379 N.W.2d 544 (Minn. Ct. App. 1985) - #12, #13]

In re T.J.J., 366 N.W.2d 651 (Minn. Ct. App. 1985) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Mississippi

No relevant cases have been found.


Missouri

C.E.H. v. L.M.W., 837 S.W.2d 947 (Mo. Ct. App. 1992) - [Topic - #1, #2, #7, #12, #13, #14, #17]


Montana

In re A.S., 253 P.3d 799 (Montana 2011) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

In re I.B., --P.3d--, 360 Mont. 132, 2011 WL 1491902 - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2011

In re T.W.F., 210 P.3d 174 (Mont. 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

In re A.N., 2005 MT 19, 325 Mont. 379, 106 P.3d 556 - [Topic - #1, #12, #13, #14]

In re S.R., 2004 MT 227, 322 Mont. 424, 97 P.3d 559 - [Topic - #12, #14, #21]

In re G.S., 2002 MT 245, 312 Mont. 108, 59 P.3d 1063 - [Topic - #11, #12, #16]

In re M. E. M., 635 P.2d 1313 (Mont. 1981) - [Topic - #4, #7, #12, #14]


Nebraska

In re Jamyia M., 791 N.W.2d 343, (Neb. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #12, #19] - Added 09/2011

In re Emma J., 782 N.W. 2d 220 (Neb. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #18] - Added 09/2010

In re Shayla H., 764 N.W. 2nd 119 (Neb. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #11, #12, #14] - Added 09/2010

In re Louis S., 774 N.W.2d 416 (Neb. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #7, #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2010

In re Walter W., 744 N.W.2d 55 (Neb. 2008) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 2/28/2008

In re Enrique P., 709 N.W.2d 676 (Neb. Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #11, #12, #14, #20]

In re Phoebe S., 664 N.W.2d 470 (Neb. Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #11, #12, #13, #14]

In re Sabrienia B., 621 N.W.2d 836 (Neb. Ct. App. 2001) - [Topic - #12, #13]


Nevada

No relevant cases have been found.


New Hampshire

No relevant cases have been found.


New Jersey

No relevant cases have been found.


New Mexico

State, ex rel. Children Youth and Families Dept. v. Arthur C., , 251 P.3d 729, (N.M. Ct. App. 2011) - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 09/2011

In re Esther V., 248 P.3d 863 (New Mexico 2011) – [Topic - #6, #11, #12, #14, #17] - Added 09/2011

State v. Marlene C., 212 P.3d 1142 (N.M. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #11, #12, #14, #17, #20] - Added 11/2009


New York

No relevant cases have been found.


North Carolina

No relevant cases have been found.


North Dakota

In re T.F., 2004 ND 126, 681 N.W.2d 786 - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re J.P., 2004 ND 25, 674 N.W.2d 273 - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re M.S., 2001 ND 68, 624 N.W.2d 678 - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

B.R.T. v. Executive Dir. of Soc. Servs. Bd., 391 N.W.2d 594 (N.D. 1986) - [Topic - #2, #12, #13, #16, #17]


Ohio

No relevant cases have been found.


Oklahoma

In re J.S., 2008 OK CIV APP 15, 177 P.3d 590 - [Topic - #12, #13] - Added 4/3/2008

In re H.J., 2006 OK CIV APP 153, 149 P.3d 1073 - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re T.H., 2005 OK CIV APP 5, 105 P.3d 354 - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re Baby Girl B., 2003 OK CIV APP 24, 67 P.3d 359 - [Topic - #1, #4, #11, #12, #13, #14, #16, #20]


Oregon

State v. N.L., , 239 P.3d 255 (Or. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #12] - Added 09/2011

In re M.R.L., 2010 WL 3419696 (Or. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #11, #12] - Added 09/2010

In re J.S.B., 2009 WL 2426058 (Or. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #12] - Added 09/2010

Dep’t of Human Servs. v. K.C.J., 207 P.3d 423 (Or. Ct. App. 2009) – [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

In re Woodruff, 816 P.2d 623 (Or. Ct. App. 1991) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #16]

In re Charles, 810 P.2d 393 (Or. Ct. App. 1991) - [Topic - #3, #4, #6, #12, #14, #21]

In re Tucker, 710 P.2d 793 (Or. Ct. App. 1985) - [Topic - #1, #4, #12, #13, #14]

In re Charles, 688 P.2d 1354 (Or. Ct. App. 1984) - [Topic - #3, #6, #11, #12, #14]


Pennsylvania

No relevant cases have been found.


Rhode Island

No relevant cases have been found.


South Carolina

No relevant cases have been found.


South Dakota

In re J.I.H., 768 N.W.2d 168 (S.D. 2009) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14] - Added 11/2009

In re J.S.B., Jr., 2005 SD 3, 691 N.W.2d 611 - [Topic - #9, #12, #13, #16, #19]

In re D.G., 2004 SD 54, 679 N.W.2d 497 - [Topic - #12, #13, 14]

In re D.B., 2003 SD 13, 670 N.W.2d 67 - [Topic - #12, #13, #19]

In re D.M. (D.M. I), 2003 SD 49, 661 N.W.2d 768 - [Topic - #7, #12, #13, #14]

In re B.S., 1997 SD 86, 566 N.W.2d 446 - [Topic - #12, #13]

People in Interest of E.M., 466 N.W.2d 168 (S.D. 1991) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re J.J., 454 N.W.2d 317 (S.D. 1990) - [Topic - #1, #4, #7, #9, #12, #14, #17]

In re S.D., 402 N.W.2d 346 (S.D. 1987) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re P.B., 371 N.W.2d 366 (S.D. 1985) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re K.A.B.E., 325 N.W.2d 840 (S.D. 1982) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]

In re S. R., 323 N.W.2d 885 (S.D. 1982) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Tennessee

In re Morgan, No. 02A01-9608-CH-00206, 1997 WL 716880 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1997) - [Topic - #1, #4, #5, #12, #13, #16, #17]


Texas

Doty-Jabbaar v. Dallas County Child Protective Servs., 19 S.W.3d 870 (Tex. App. 2000) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


Utah

In re C.D., 200 P.3d 194 (Utah Ct. App. 2008) – [Topic - #3, #12, #16] - Added 11/2009

In re V.H., 2007 UT App 1, 154 P.3d 867 - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re S.D.C., 2001 UT App 353, 36 P.3d 540 - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re D.A.C., 933 P.2d 993 (Utah Ct. App. 1997) - [Topic - #1, #7, #12, #13, #14, #21]

Guardian ad Litem v. State ex rel. CD. , 245 P.3d 724 (Utah 2010) - [Topic - #11, #12, #16] - Added 09/2011


Vermont

No relevant cases have been found.


Virginia

No relevant cases have been found.


Washington

In re the Welfare of L.N.B.-L, 237 P.3d 944 (Wash. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #4, #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

In re L.N.B-L, 237 P.3rd 944 (Wash. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #3, #5, #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2010

In re E.C., 115 Wash. App. 1032 (Wash. Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #3, #12, #13]

In re A.M., 22 P.3d 828 (Wash. Ct. App. 2001) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re Fisher, 643 P.2d 887 (Wash. Ct. App. 1982) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14]


West Virginia

No relevant cases have been found.


Wisconsin

In re Branden F., 2005 WI App 88, 281 Wis. 2d 274, 695 N.W.2d 905 (unpublished table decision) available at No. 04-2560, 2005 WL 645191 (Wis. Ct. App. March 22, 2005) - [Topic - #7, #12, #13]

In re D.S.P., 480 N.W.2d 234 (Wis. 1992) - [Topic - #12, #13, #14, #21]

In re J.J., 462 N.W.2d 551 (Wis. Ct. App. 1990) (unpublished table decision) available at No. 90-0158, 1990 WL 174568 (Wis. Ct. App. Sept. 18, 1990) - [Topic - #12, #13]

In re S.L., 455 N.W.2d 678 (Wis. Ct. App. 1990) (unpublished table decision) available at 1990 WL 57500 (Wis. Ct. App. Feb. 7, 1990) - [Topic - #11, #12]


Wyoming

No relevant cases have been found.


Circuit Courts of Appeals

No relevant cases have been found.


District Courts

Doe v. Mann (Mann I), 285 F. Supp. 2d 1229 (N.D. Cal. 2003) - [Topic - #2, #3, #9, #12, #16, #20]

Home  |   Search  |   Disclaimer  |   Privacy Statement  |   Site Map