Topic 4: Notice

List of cases for Topic #4 arranged by state in reverse-chronological order.

See "About the Guide" on the ICWA Guide Online home page for the date of last update.


Alabama

S.H. v. Calhoun County Dep't of Human Res., 798 So. 2d 684 (Ala. Civ. App. 2001) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #13, #14]


Alaska

In re C.R.H., 29 P.3d 849 (Alaska 2001) - [Topic - #2, #4, #7]

Catholic Soc. Servs., Inc. v. C.A.A., 783 P.2d 1159 (Alaska 1989) - [Topic - #4, #13, #17, #18]

In re L.A.M., 727 P.2d 1057 (Alaska 1986) - [Topic - #4, #13, #20]

D.E.D. v. State, 704 P.2d 774 (Alaska 1985) - [Topic - #1, #4, #6, #13, #17]


Arizona

No relevant cases have been found.


Arkansas

No relevant cases have been found.


California

In re C.B., 117 Cal. Rptr. 3d 846 (Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic -#1, #3, #4, #12, #13] - Added 09/2011

In re Grace C., 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 474 (App. Ct. 2010) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4] - Added 09/2011

In re Z.W., 124 Cal.Rptr.3d 419 - [Topic - #4] - Added 09/2011

In re Skyler H., 112 Ca. Rptr. 3d 892 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4]- Added 09/2008

In re Kyle E., 111 Cal. Rptr. 3d 199 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #2, #4, #17] - Added 09/2008

In re Noreen G., 105 Cal. Rptr. 3d 521 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13] - Added 09/2008

In re G.L., 99 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 356 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #4, #11, #16] - Added 09/2010

In re Holly B., 92 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 80 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1,, #3, #4] - Added 09/2010

In re B.R., 97 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 890 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1,, #3, #4, #20] - Added 09/2010

In re R.S., 101 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 910 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13, #17] - Added 09/2010

R.R. v Superior Ct., 103 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 110 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1,#2, #3 #4, #5, #7, #11] - Added 09/2010

In re B.R., 97 Cal.Rptr.3d 890 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #3, #4, #20] - Added 09/2008

In re G.L., 99 Cal.Rptr.3d 356 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #3, #4, #16] - Added 09/2008

In re E.G., 88 Cal.Rptr.3d 871 (Ct. App. 2009) – [Topic #1, #4] - Added 09/2008

In re Holly B., 92 Cal.Rptr.3d 80 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re E.W., 88 Cal.Rptr.3d 338 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re K.M., 90 Cal.Rptr.3d 692 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re K.B., 93 Cal.Rptr.3d 751 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #4, #12, #16, #18, #20] - Added 11/2009

In re E.G., 88 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 871 (Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4] - Added 09/2010

In re H.B., 73 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 27 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4, #20, #21] - Added 09/2010

In re Miracle M., 73 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 24 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13] - Added 09/2010

In re N.M., 74 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 138 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 09/2010

In re Shane G., 83 Cal. Rptr. 3rd 513 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4] - Added 09/2010

In re Tina L., 77 Cal. Rptr. 3d 628 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13] - Added 09/2008

Justin L. v. Superior Ct., 81 Cal.Rptr.3d 884 (Ct. App. 2008) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re N.M., 74 Cal.Rptr.3d 138 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re Alice M., 74 Cal.Rptr.3d 863 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #4, #20] - Added 11/2009

In re Rayna N., 77 Cal.Rptr.3d 628 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re A.B., 79 Cal.Rptr.3d 580 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re Shane G., 83 Cal.Rptr.3d 513 (Ct. App. 2008) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re H.B., 74 Cal.Rptr.3d 27 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re Miracle M., 73 Cal.Rptr.3d 24 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re William K., 73 Cal.Rptr.3d 737 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4, #20] - Added 11/2009

In re S.B., 79 Cal.Rptr.3d 449 (Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #4] - Added 11/2009

In re Esmeralda S., 80 Cal.Rptr.3d 585 (Ct. App. 2008) – [Topic - #1, #3, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re Cody B., 63 Cal. Rptr. 3d 652 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 02/2008

In re Veronica G., 68 Cal. Rptr. 3d 465 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #4] - Added 02/2008

In re J.T., 65 Cal. Rptr. 3d 320 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #4] - Added 02/2008

In re Jose C., 66 Cal. Rptr. 3d 355 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 02/2008

Nicole K. v. Superior Court, 53 Cal. Rptr. 3d 251 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #4]

In re Robert A., 55 Cal. Rptr. 3d 74 (Ct. App. 2007) (certified for partial publication)- [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Jaclyn S., 58 Cal. Rptr. 3d 321 (Ct. App. 2007) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Amber F., 58 Cal. Rptr. 3d 874 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Justin S., 59 Cal. Rptr. 3d 376 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Mary G., 59 Cal. Rptr. 3d 703 (Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re K.W., 51 Cal. Rptr. 3d 130 (Ct. App. 2006) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re M.A., 40 Cal. Rptr. 3d 439 (Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #2, #4, #7, #8, #19]

In re Terrance B., 50 Cal. Rptr. 3d 815 (Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #2, #4]

In re Joseph P., 45 Cal. Rptr. 3d 591 (Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re A.U., 45 Cal. Rptr. 3d 854 (Ct. App. 2006) (depublished) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]

In re Alexis H., 33 Cal. Rptr. 3d 242 (Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #4]

In re Brooke C., 25 Cal. Rptr. 3d 590 (Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #4]

In re Glorianna K., 24 Cal. Rptr. 3d 582 (Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re I.G., 35 Cal. Rptr. 3d 427 (Ct. App. 2005) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Jasmine G., 26 Cal. Rptr. 3d 394 (Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Jonathon S., 28 Cal. Rptr. 3d 495 (Ct. App. 2005) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #4, #20]

In re S.B., 30 Cal. Rptr. 3d 726 (Ct. App. 2005) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4, #6, #11]

In re X.V., 33 Cal. Rptr. 3d 893 (Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #4]

Alicia B. v. Superior Court, 11 Cal. Rptr. 3d 1 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #4]

In re Elizabeth W., 16 Cal. Rptr. 3d 514 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #4]

In re Gerardo A., 14 Cal. Rptr. 3d 798 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Kenneth M., 19 Cal. Rptr. 3d 752 (Ct. App. 2004) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4, #11]

In re Louis S., 12 Cal. Rptr. 3d 110 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #4]

In re Merrick V., 19 Cal. Rptr. 3d 490 - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Miguel E., 15 Cal. Rptr. 3d 530 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re S.M., 13 Cal. Rptr. 3d 606 (Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #4]

In re Asia L., 132 Cal. Rptr. 2d 733 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re C.D., 1 Cal. Rptr. 3d 578 (Ct. App. 2003) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4]

In re Christopher I., 131 Cal. Rptr. 2d 122 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #4]

In re D.T., 5 Cal. Rptr. 3d 893, (Ct. App. 2003) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4]

In re Daniel M., 1 Cal. Rptr. 3d 897 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #3, #4, #20]

In re Karla C., 6 Cal. Rptr. 3d 205 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #4]

In re L.B., 3 Cal. Rptr. 3d 16 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #4]

In re Nikki R., 131 Cal. Rptr. 2d 256 (Ct. App. 2003) - [Topic - #4]

In re Antoinette S., 129 Cal. Rptr. 2d 15 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #1, #2, #4]

Dwayne P. v. Superior Court, 126 Cal. Rptr. 2d 639 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Edward H., 122 Cal. Rptr. 2d 242 (Ct. App. 2002) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re H.A., 128 Cal. Rptr. 2d 12 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Jeffrey A., 127 Cal. Rptr. 2d 314 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Jennifer A., 127 Cal. Rptr. 2d 54 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #1, #4, #11]

In re Samuel P., 121 Cal. Rptr. 2d 820 (Ct. App. 2002) - [Topic - #4, #11]

In re Suzanna L., 127 Cal. Rptr. 2d 860 (Ct. App. 2002) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]

In re Jonathan D., 111 Cal. Rptr. 2d 628 (Ct. App. 2001) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Marinna J., 109 Cal. Rptr. 2d 267 (Ct. App. 2001) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re Desiree F., 99 Cal. Rptr. 2d 688 (Ct. App. 2000) - [Topic - #4, #5, #13, #16, #20]

In re Levi U., 92 Cal. Rptr. 2d 648 (Ct. App. 2000) - [Topic - #1, #4, #11]

In re Pedro N., 41 Cal. Rptr. 2d 819 (Ct. App. 1995) - [Topic - #4, #13, #20, #21]

In re Krystle D., 37 Cal. Rptr. 2d 132 (Ct. App. 1994) - [Topic - #4, #13, #14, #15, #20]

In re Kahlen W., 285 Cal. Rptr. 507 (Ct. App. 1991) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #4, #5, #13]

In re Junious M., 193 Cal. Rptr. 40 (Ct. App. 1983) (certified for partial publication) - [Topic - #1, #4, #17]


Colorado

People ex rel. L.A.N., 2011 WL 2650589 (Colo. App. 2011) - [Topic - #4] - Added 09/2011

People ex rel. C.Z., 2010 WL 5058350 (Colo.App. 2010) - [Topic - #4, #12] - Added 09/2011

In re A.R.Y. - M, 230 P.3rd 1259 (Colo. App. 2010) - [Topic - #4, #13] - Added 09/2008

In re N.D.C., 210 P.3d 494 (Colo. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #4] - Added 11/2009

In re T.M.W., 208 P.3d 272 (Colo. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #4, #13] - Added 11/2009

In re J.O., 170 P.3d 840 (Colo. 2007) - [Topic - #3, #4, #12, #13, #20] - Added 02/2008

In re S.R.M., 153 P.3d 438 (Colo. Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #1, #4, #5, #13, #20]

B.H. v. X.H., 138 P.3d 299 (Colo. 2006) - [Topic - #1, #4, #16]


Connecticut

In re Elizabeth I., 2 Conn. L. Rptr. 564 (Conn. Super. Ct. 1990) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]


Delaware

No relevant cases have been found.


District of Colombia

No relevant cases have been found.


Florida

No relevant cases have been found.


Georgia

No relevant cases have been found.


Hawaii

No relevant cases have been found.


Idaho

No relevant cases have been found.


Illinois

No relevant cases have been found.


Indiana

In re D.S., 577 N.E.2d 572 (Ind. 1991) - [Topic - #2, #4, #7, #13, #14]

In re T.R.M., 525 N.E.2d 298 (Ind. 1988) - [Topic - #1, #2, #4, #7, #9, #13, #14, #16, #17, #18]

Smith v. Tisdal, 484 N.E.2d 42 (Ind. Ct. App. 1985) - [Topic - #4]


Iowa

In re N.N.E., 752 N.W.2d 1 (Iowa 2008) - [Topic - #3, #4, #14, #16] - Added 11/2009

In re Z.H., 740 N.W.2d 648 (Iowa Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic #1, #4] - Added 02/2008

In re R.E.K.F., 698 N.W.2d 147 (Iowa 2005) - [Topic #1, #4, #13]

In re J.W., 528 N.W.2d 657 (Iowa Ct. App. 1995) - [Topic - #1, #4, #7, #11, #13, #14, #16]

In re J.W., 498 N.W.2d 417 (Iowa Ct. App. 1993) - [Topic - #1, #2, #4, #5, #6, #20]


Kansas

In re M.F., 206 P. 3rd 57 (Kan. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #2,, #3, #4, #5, #11, #12, #13, #20] - Added 09/2010

In re M.B., 176 P.3d 977 (Kan. Ct. App. 2008) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13] - Added 04/2008

In re B.G.J. (B.G.J. II), 133 P.3d 1 (Kan. 2006) - [Topic - #4, #11, #16]

In re J.J.G., 83 P.3d 1264 (Kan. Ct. App. 2004) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13, #14]

In re H.A.M., 961 P.2d 716 (Kan. Ct. App. 1998) - [Topic - #4, #13, #14]

In re H.D., 729 P.2d 1234 (Kan. Ct. App. 1986) - [Topic #1, #4, #13, #20]


Kentucky

No relevant cases have been found.


Louisiana

No relevant cases have been found.


Maine

No relevant cases have been found.


Maryland

No relevant cases have been found.


Massachusetts

In re Arnold, 741 N.E.2d 456 (Mass. App. Ct. 2001) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]


Michigan

In re T.M., 628 N.W.2d 570 (Mich. Ct. App. 2001) - [Topic - #1, #4, #21]

In re N.E.G.P., 626 N.W.2d 921 (Mich. Ct. App. 2001) - [Topic - #1, #4, #20]

In re I.E.M., 592 N.W.2d 751 (Mich. Ct. App. 1999) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Elliott, 554 N.W.2d 32 (Mich. Ct. App. 1996) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13, #14]

In re Jacobs, 444 N.W.2d 789 (Mich. 1989) - [Topic - #1, #4, #11]


Minnesota

In re J.B., 698 N.W.2d 160 (Minn. Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #1, #4, #12, #13, #14]


Mississippi

No relevant cases have been found.


Missouri

In re C.F., 218 S.W.3d 22 (Mo. Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re C.K., 221 S.W.3d 467 (Mo. Ct. App. 2007) - [Topic - #1, #4]


Montana

In re J.M., 218 P.3rd 1213 (Mont. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #3, #4, #5, #6, #11, #13, #14, #17] - Added 09/2010

In re C.H., 2003 MT 308, 318 Mont. 208, 79 P.3d 822 - [Topic - #1, #4, #14]

In re Riffle (Riffle I), 902 P.2d 542 (Mont. 1995) - [Topic - #4, #5]

In re M. E. M., 635 P.2d 1313 (Mont. 1981) - [Topic - #4, #7, #12, #14]


Nebraska

In re Dakota L., 712 N.W.2d 583 (Neb. Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #2, #4]


Nevada

No relevant cases have been found.


New Hampshire

No relevant cases have been found.


New Jersey

In re J.O., 743 A.2d 341 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 2000) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]

In re Child of Indian Heritage (Indian Child II), 543 A.2d 925 (N.J. 1988) - [Topic - #1, #4, #17, #18, #20]

In re Child of Indian Heritage (Indian Child I), 529 A.2d 1009 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 1987) - [Topic - #1, #4, #16, #18]


New Mexico

No relevant cases have been found.


New York

In re Baby Boy C., 805 N.Y.S.2d 313 (N.Y. App. Div. 2005) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re Christopher, 662 N.Y.S.2d 366 (N.Y. Fam. Ct. 1997) - [Topic - #1, #4, #7, #18]


North Carolina

No relevant cases have been found.


North Dakota

No relevant cases have been found.


Ohio

In re Hortsmann, No. 2005AP020015, 2005 WL 1038857 (Ohio Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #2, #4, #5]


Oklahoma

Cherokee Nation v. Nomura, 2007 OK 40, 160 P.3d 967 - [Topic - #1, #2, #4, #5, #18, #21]

In re Baby Girl B., 2003 OK CIV APP 24, 67 P.3d 359 - [Topic - #1, #4, #11, #12, #13, #14, #16, #20]

In re R.R.R., 763 P.2d 94 (Okla. 1988) - [Topic - #4, #5, #7]

In re J.W., 742 P.2d 1171 (Okla. Civ. App. 1987) - [Topic - #4, #13, #14]

Duncan v. Wiley, 657 P.2d 1212 (Okla. Civ. App. 1982) - [Topic - #4, #11, #16]


Oregon

In re Charles, 810 P.2d 393 (Or. Ct. App. 1991) - [Topic - #3, #4, #6, #12, #14, #21]

In re Tucker, 710 P.2d 793 (Or. Ct. App. 1985) - [Topic - #1, #4, #12, #13, #14]


Pennsylvania

No relevant cases have been found.


Rhode Island

No relevant cases have been found.


South Carolina

No relevant cases have been found.


South Dakota

In re D.M. (D.M. II), 2004 SD 90, 685 N.W.2d 768 - [Topic - #4, #7]

In re C.H., 510 N.W.2d 119 (S.D. 1993) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re J.J., 454 N.W.2d 317 (S.D. 1990) - [Topic - #1, #4, #7, #9, #12, #14, #17]

In re B.J.E., 422 N.W.2d 597 (S.D. 1988) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re N.A.H., 418 N.W.2d 310 (S.D. 1988) - [Topic - #4]

In re S.Z., 325 N.W.2d 53 (S.D. 1982) - [Topic - #4, #7]


Tennessee

In re Morgan, No. 02A01-9608-CH-00206, 1997 WL 716880 (Tenn. Ct. App. 1997) - [Topic - #1, #4, #5, #12, #13, #16, #17]


Texas

In re J.J.C., 302 S.W. 3rd. 896 (Tex. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #3,#4, #20] - Added 09/2010

In re R.R., Jr., 294 S.W. 3rd. 213 (Tex. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #3,#4, #20] - Added 09/2010

In re R.R., 294 S.W.3d 213 (Tex. App. 2009) - [Topic - #1, #4, #13] - Added 09/2008

In re W.D.H., III, 43 S.W.3d 30 (Tex. App. 2001) - [Topic - #4, #13, #14, #21]


Utah

In re Halloway, 732 P.2d 962 (Utah 1986) - [Topic - #2, #4, #7, #18, #21]


Vermont

In re A.J., 733 A.2d 36 (Vt. 1999) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re J.T., 693 A.2d 283 (Vt. 1997) - [Topic - #4, #13]

In re T.R., 653 A.2d 777 (Vt. 1994) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re M.C.P., 571 A.2d 627 (Vt. 1989) - [Topic - #1, #4]


Virginia

No relevant cases have been found.


Washington

In re the Welfare of L.N.B.-L, 237 P.3d 944 (Wash. Ct. App. 2010) - [Topic -#4, #12, #13, #14] - Added 09/2011

In re C.C.M., 202 P.3d 971 (Wash. Ct. App. 2009) - [Topic - #3, #4, #13, #21] - Added 11/2009

In re C.B., 143 P.3d 846 (Wash. Ct. App. 2006) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re T.L.G., 108 P.3d 156 (Wash. Ct. App. 2005) - [Topic - #1, #4]

In re E.S., 964 P.2d 404 (Wash. Ct. App. 1998) - [Topic - #4, #7]

In re M.S.S., 936 P.2d 36 (Wash. Ct. App. 1997) - [Topic - #4]


West Virginia

No relevant cases have been found.


Wisconsin

In re Arianna R.G., 2003 WI 11, 259 Wis. 2d 563, 657 N.W.2d 363 - [Topic - #1, #4, #13]

Kathy P. v. State, 532 N.W.2d 471 (Wis. Ct. App. 1995) (unpublished table decision) available at No. 95-0123, 1995 WL 97416 (Wis. Ct. App. March 10, 1995) - [Topic - #4, #21]


Wyoming

No relevant cases have been found.


Circuit Courts of Appeals

Navajo Nation v. Norris , 331 F.3d 1041 (9th Cir. 2003) - [Topic - #1, #2, #4, #17]


District Courts

Navajo Nation v. Superior Court, 47 F. Supp. 2d 1233 (E.D. Wash. 1999) - [Topic - #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #16, #17, #20]


Supreme Court

Miss. Band of Choctaw Indians v. Holyfield, 490 U.S. 30 (1989) - [Topic - #1, #2, #4, #5, #7, #9, #17, #18, #21]

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