Tribal Code - Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Enacted July 5, 1995. Including Updates Through 2004.
CHAPTER 31: MARRIAGE ORDINANCE
This ordinance governs the solemnization of marriage within the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians Reservation.
31.102 Recognition of Marriages.
The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians shall recognize as a valid and binding marriage any marriage between a man and a woman formalized or solemnized in compliance with the laws of the place of formalization or solemnization.
31.102 Issuance of License.
The Clerk of the Tribal Court shall be authorized to issue a license to marry any two people, one of whom is Indian, within the Sault Ste. Marie tribe's jurisdiction. The fee for issuance of a Tribal marriage license shall be twenty dollars. The license shall remain valid for 30 days after issuance. The Clerk shall maintain records of the issuance of the marriage licenses and certificates of marriage as permanent records of the Tribe.
31.104 Qualifications for License.
All requirements of the State of Michigan with respect to the qualifications entitling persons to marry within that State's borders, whether now in existence or to become effective in the future, are hereby adopted, both presently and prospectively, in terms of the sex of the parties to the proposed marriage, and the age of the parties. In addition thereto, no license for marriage shall be issued by the Tribal Court of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians for a marriage to be performed by a member of the clergy or a judge of a tribal court unless at least one of the parties to the proposed marriage is an Indian person.
31.105 Application for License.
(1) The application for a Tribal marriage license shall contain the following:
(a) The names and addresses of the parties to be married.
(b) The Indian tribal membership status of the parties.
(c) The name, address, and legal authority of the person who will perform the marriage ceremony.
(d) The date and county of issuance of the Michigan marriage license.
(2) The application must be sworn to by both parties to be married.
31.106 Michigan License Required.
It shall be required of any persons seeking to marry within the reservation that they first obtain a valid license to marry from the State of Michigan. This license shall be presented to the Clerk of the Tribal Court together with an application for a Tribal marriage license signed by both parties.
31.107 Persons Entitled to Solemnize Marriages.
No marriage performed pursuant to a license to marry issued by the Tribal Court of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians shall be valid and recognized unless performed by:
(1) a person having the authority to perform marriages under Michigan law; or
(2) the Tribal Chairperson, or a person designated by the Chairperson in writing; or
(3) a Tribal Judge of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe or another federally recognized tribe, the tribal court of which authorizes its tribal judges to perform marriages; or
(4) an Indian medicine man or spiritual leader who is commonly recognized as such by Indian people and who has been registered as such by the Tribal Court of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe.
31.108 Qualifications to Perform Traditional Indian Marriages.
(1) For the purpose of this Chapter, a traditional Indian marriage shall be defined as one performed by an Indian person who claims the authority to solemnize and formalize marriages between Indian persons in accordance with commonly accepted Indian customs and traditions of any recognized Indian tribe by virtue of the person's status as a medicine man or traditional spiritual leader.
(2) It is the expressed policy of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe to recognize traditional marriages so performed provided that the person who has been designated to solemnize or formalize the said marriage by the applicants shall be recognized as a medicine man or traditional spiritual leader by a significant number of Indian persons and provided further that such person shall be recognized by the Order of the Tribal Court of the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe as being a medicine man or traditional spiritual leader.
(3) Such recognition may come about upon the Court's own motion, or upon the motion of any other person, and such Order of recognition shall not be unreasonably withheld.
(4) The Court or Tribal Board of Directors may prescribe standards for such recognition.
(5) An Indian traditional practitioner or spiritual leader who is recognized by the parties making the application for the license shall be authorized to perform traditional marriages.
31.109 Execution and Return of License.
The person who performs the marriage shall execute the State of Michigan marriage license and return it to the clerk of the county of issuance as required by Michigan law. He shall also execute the Tribal marriage license and return it to the Tribal Court Clerk as required by this Chapter. It shall be the responsibility of the Tribal Court Clerk to maintain records of marriages performed under the authority of the Tribe.
31.110 Procedure for Recognition of Marriage After Solemnization.
(1) Subsequently to the solemnization or formalization of a marriage performed pursuant to a license to marry issued by the Sault Ste. Marie Tribal Court and within ten (10) days thereof, two fully executed and conformed copies of the marriage license, executed by two witnesses to the ceremony and the person who conducted the ceremony, shall be returned to the Clerk of the Tribal Court.
(2) The Clerk of the Tribal Court shall, within three days, examine the application for a marriage license and the said license and certificate of the person performing the marriage to insure that the information appearing thereupon is properly in accordance with the provisions of the license. Upon a determination that the materials are in proper form and that there has been compliance with the terms of the license, the Court Clerk shall endorse his approval upon the license and shall cause a Certificate of Marriage to be issued by the Tribal Court over his or her signature.
(3) The parties to such marriage, should they desire, may obtain such additional copies of the Certificate of Marriage if they should desire, and such certified copies shall be issued by the Clerk of the Court for the same charge as is made for certified copies in any other proceeding.