2020 WL 42452
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United States District Court, D. Montana,
Billings Division.
Alden Big MAN, et al, Defendants.
CV 17-65-BLG-SPW
Signed 01/03/2020

SUSAN P. WATTERS, United States District Judge

The United States Magistrate Judge filed Findings and Recommendations on December 13, 2019. (Doc. 97.) The Magistrate recommended the Court deny the Defendants’ motion for judgment on the pleadings. (Doc. 97 at 12.)

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), parties are required to file written objections within 14 days of the filing of the Magistrate’s Findings and Recommendation. No objections were filed. When neither party objects, this Court reviews the Magistrate’s Findings and Recommendation for clear error. McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Commodore Bus. Mack, Inc., 656 F.2d 1309, 1313 (9th Cir. 1981). Clear error exists if the Court is left with a “definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed.” United States v. Syrax, 235 F.3d 422, 427 (9th Cir. 2000).

After reviewing the Findings and Recommendation, this Court does not find that the Magistrate committed clear error. The Plaintiff has sufficiently alleged a violation of federal law and has clearly identified it is seeking prospective relief to satisfy the “straightforward inquiry” from Ex Parte Young, 209 U.S. 123 (1908). Tribal sovereign immunity does not bar the Plaintiff’s claim. The Plaintiff’s complaint does not fail to state a claim, either. The Plaintiff has shown the “requisite enforcement connection” to Title 20 of the Crow Law and Order Code for the Ex Parte Young exception to tribal sovereign immunity to apply. See Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. Vaughn, 509 F.3d 1085 (9th Cir. 2007).

IT IS ORDERED that the proposed Findings and Recommendations entered by the United States Magistrate Judge (Doc. 97) are ADOPTED IN FULL.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED Defendants’ Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings (Doc. 78) is DENIED. The Clerk of Court shall notify the parties of this order. This case shall remain referred to Magistrate Judge Timothy J. Cavan for further proceedings.

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Slip Copy, 2020 WL 42452