History & Culture Resources

After Columbus: Four-hundred Years of Native American Portraiture (New York Public Library Digital Gallery) This web site provides access to photographs having to do with cultural activities, land, war, portraits of people, maps, and more.

American Indian History and Culture (Smithsonian Institute) Recommended books, exhibits, and other resources.

American Indian Library Association Working to improve library and information services for American Indians.

American Indian Resource Center A community library of the County of Los Angeles Public Library, "The collection attempts to cover the full spectrum of American Indian experience in the continental United States - from Pre-Columbian times to the present. Subjects covered include art, architecture, bibliographies, biographies, education, fiction, history, languages, literature, government relations, federal Indian law, tribal law, tribal studies (individual tribes) and geographic area studies (e.g., California Tribes)."

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Digital Collection (University of Washington Libraries)

American State Papers (Library of Congress) "The American State Papers, comprising a total of thirty-eight physical volumes, contain the legislative and executive documents of Congress during the period 1789 to 1838. The collection includes documents that cover the critical historical gap from 1789 to the printing of the first volume of the U.S. Serial Set in 1817" [from the web site]. Volume II covers "Indian Affairs."

Felix S. Cohen Papers (Yale University Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale Collection of Western Americana) "From 1933 through 1947 [Felix S. Cohen (1907-1953)] served in the Solicitor's Office of the Interior Department as an assistant solicitor, associate solicitor, and acting solicitor. He also served as chairman of the Office's Board of Appeals. Cohen drafted the Wheeler-Howard Act (later known as the Indian Reorganization Act) of 1934, maps of American Indian areas." [From the web site.]

"The Felix S. Cohen Papers document his legal, academic, and scholarly career. The collection spans the period 1916-92, but the bulk of the material covers Cohen's activities in the 1930s and 1940s." [From the web site.]

Guide to Research in Native American Religions (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Developed for use by UIUC students, but relevant to anyone researching Native American religious topics. Many resources at UIUC will be available elsewhere, at local university and public libraries.

Historical Documents Online: Native American Records (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration)

Historical Maps of the U.S. (University of Texas at Austin Libraries) Includes maps of American Indian areas.

Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Thurgood Marshall Law Library, University of Maryland) Publications arranged by geographic area and subject.

Huntington Free Library Native American Collection (University of Cornell) "One of the largest collections of books and manuscripts of its kind, the Huntington collection contains outstanding materials documenting the history, culture, languages, and arts of the native tribes of both North and South America."

Indians / Native Americans [Federal Records] (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration) Includes records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, records of rolls, and more.

Indigenous Geography (National Museum of the American Indian) Click on "Select a Community Profile" or the map.

Lakota Dakota Information (Creighton University)

Languages and Linguistics (Native Web)

Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center

National Alliance to Save Native Languages "The National Alliance to Save Native Languages was founded in October of 2006 for the exclusive purpose of promoting the revitalization of Native Languages. The Alliance is comprised of a coalition of stakeholders including tribes, schools, and individuals, regional and national organizations" [from the web site]. Use this site to find information about language preservation programs, legislation and more.

NativeWeb (Native Web) Resources for indigenous cultures around the world.

Native American Documents Project, Allotment Data (California State University San Marcos)

Native American History -- American Memory Project (Library of Congress) Searchable image collection includes 1500 illustrations and 700 portfolio plates. Click on "Native American History."

Native American Spirituality (University of Virginia)

Newberry Library, Chicago - American Indian History Collection Library has one of the finest collections on American Indians in the world. Web site offers searchable catalog.

Native American Authors (University of Michigan, The Internet Public Library).

Protection of Tribal Cultural Property

Resources on Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Wyoming State Library. A bibliography of materials about inventions/contributions, cultural ownership/intellectual property, and biodiversity.

Toward A Conceptual Framework for Recognition of Rights for the Holders of Traditional Knowledge and Folklore William O. Hennessey. Concerning traditional knowledge and folklore in relation to human rights, intellectual property rights and laws, and rights of sovereign states.

Update to Legal Protection of Cultural Property: A Selective Resource Guide Louise Tsang. From the Introduction: "The purpose of this guide is to direct the reader to important sources of information, both print and electronic, concerning the protection of cultural property in wartime, international trade in cultural property, and the laws applicable to the illicit traffic of art and antiquities."


In Whose Honor American Indian Mascots in Sports by Jay Rosenstein. Audio documentary on the mascot issue.

Native American Mascot Issue by Lisa Mitten of the American Indian Library Association. Links to a variety of resources and web sites.

Need Indian Law Research Help?

You can submit questions about Indian law to the NILL staff...
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NILL focuses its collection on legal materials related to tribes and native peoples, as opposed to cultural, historical, and religious materials. The library has some materials on these topics as they pertain to particular legal issues or developments.

Don't forget to consult the collections of your local libraries.