Peacemaking Tribal Codes and Models

Below are some examples of tribal peacemaking codes. These and other codes are available through the Tribal Law Gateway at the National Indian Law Library.

 

Arapaho Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming
Title 7. Peacemaker
Provides authorization and civil process authority, procedures (including authority to use traditional Northern Arapaho culture), referral standards, authority of Tribal Court to limit, and standards of conduct.

Chickasaw Nation
Title 5: Courts and Procedures: Chapter 14 Peacemaking Court

Provides authorization, referral standards, procedures, authority for District Court to limit, standards of conduct, and use of tribal traditions and customary law.

Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
Title IA. Peacemaker Court of the Chitimacha Codes of Justice

Provides authorization, referral procedures, civil process authority, standards of conduct, and authority of Tribal Court to limit.

Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians
Chapter 1-14. Peacegiving Court

Provides authorization, qualifications, standards of conduct, and referrals.

Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
Tribal Court Ordinance: (l) Peacemaker Program
(10-23-2013)
Provides authorization and qualifications.

Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon
Community Law Court
Provides authorization and civil process authority, referral standards and standards of conduct, and authority to use traditional ways and lecture on tribal teachings.

Coquille Indian Tribe
Chapter 655 - Peacegiving

Provides authorization, qualifications, referral standards, and authority to use traditional tribal practices.

Hopland Band of Pomo Indians
Ordinance no. 07-12-10 establishing a tribal court: Section 1.100 Peace Making Panel (not available online)

Provides authorization, procedures, qualifications, and authority to lead community-related peace activities.

Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation
Chapter 2 - Criminal Procedures
and Chapter 3 - Civil Actions

Karuk Tribe
Tribal court ordinance: 11.0 Peace maker dispute resolution panel
(not available online)
Provides authorization and procedures.

Klamath Tribes
Peacemaker Ordinance

Provides authorization, qualifications, procedures, juvenile matters, and philosophical background.

Leech Lake Band of Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Minnesota
Title 2. Rules of Procedure: Part VIII. Other Matters: Rule 58. Peacemaker Tribunal
Provides authorization.
Bamenim Anishinaabeg Program (see Administration tab, then BaMeNim Anishinaabeg under Tribal Court)

Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
Peacemaking Guidelines

Provides authorization, philosophical background, referral standards (including option for traditional request), procedure, qualifications, standards of conduct, and forms.

Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Michigan
Tribal Court Rules Chapter 3. Rules of Civil Procedure RULE XXIX. MNODAAWIN
Provides authorization.

Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation
Chapter 5.12 Ch’qi’n’txw an Offender’s Record of Conviction (Expungement) (see pg. 49)
Full procedures and standards for applying traditional notion related to clearing record of offender upon satisfactory completion of penalty under cultural standards. Innovative sentencing-related provisions. 

Mashantucket Pequot Indian Tribe
Title 1, Judiciary: Chapter 4, Peacemaker's Council
Provides authorization, referral standards, qualifications, and procedures.

Mashpee Wampanoag
Chapter 3: Operation of Peacemaker Court
Provides authorization, guiding principles, qualifications, and procedures.

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
Peacemaker Code

Provides authorization, authority to use tribal traditions and customary law, qualifications, civil process authority, procedures, and authority of Tribal Court to limit. 

Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah
Title 7. Courts and Procedure: Chapter 3. Judicial Branch: Subchapter 10. Navajo Nation Peacemaking Program (Hózhóójí Naat'áanii)
(available through Westlaw)
Provides authorization and authority to develop standards and conform procedures to traditional Hózhcócójí Naat'áanii concepts.

Navajo Nation Peacemaking Program website. Includes program information, forms, and the program's Plan of Operations.

Northern Arapaho Nation
Title 7: Peacemaker Code

Provides authorization and civil process authority, referral standards, authority of Tribal Court to limit, procedures, standards of conduct, and authority to use traditional Northern Arapaho culture and instruct on traditional teachings. 

Oneida Nation of New York
Peacemaking Rules

Provides authorization, referral procedures, civil process authority, standards of conduct, and authority to use Nation religious and traditional ways.

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
Peacemaker's Manual

Provides procedures, qualifications, philosophical background, and history of use.

Organized Village of Kake
Judicial Peacemaking Code
Provides authorization and place in the clan system, referral standards, procedures, juvenile matters, and a Peacemaker Appellate Court.

Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation
Constitution: Article VI - Dispute Resolution System
Title 2 - Courts: Chapter 2-5. Peacemakers
Provides authorization and procedures.

St. Regis Mohawk Tribe
Tribal Court and Judiciary Code

Provides authorization.

Skokomish Indian Tribe
Skokomish Criminal Code: Sentencing, sentencing guidelines, and bail schedule: 9.11.030 Traditional Peacekeeping

Provides authorization.

Snoqualmie Indian Tribe
Title 3. Snoqualmie Judicial Code: Chapter 1. Snoqualmie Judiciary Act: 7.4 Peacemaker Court

Provides authorization.

Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota
Title 21. Wodakota: Traditional Court
Wodakota: Traditional Court Flowchart

Provides authorization, philosophy, values, and tribal prayer, standards of conduct, authority to use traditional ways and instruct on tribal teachings, referral standards, and procedures.

Stockbridge Munsee Community, Wisconsin
Peacemaker Ordinance

Provides authorization and guiding principles, qualifications, procedures, authority of Tribal Court to limit, referral standards, and standards of conduct, authority to use traditional ways and instruct on tribal teachings.

 

YOUTH/FAMILY:

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation
Title 5 Domestic Relations: 5-2 Juveniles: 5-2-192 Peacemaking Circle

Provides authorization, limitation on the use of evidence, and disposition.

Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, Michigan
Title 10. Children, Families and Elders: Chapter 4. Juvenile Code Revisited § 415. Diversion
Provides authorization and referral standards.

Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Michigan
Juvenile Code: Section 8. Peacemaking.
Provides authorization, philosophical background, and referral standards.

Oneida Tribe of Indians of Wisconsin
Chapter 72. Divorce, Annulment, Legal Separation: 72.6. Peacemaking and Mediation (available through Westlaw)
Chapter 79: Child Custody, Placement and Visitation: 79.7. Peacemaking and Mediation

Provides authorization and referral standards.

Pit River Tribe, California
Family/Children's Code: Youth Reclamation Program - The Peacemaker Program

Provides authorization, qualifications, and procedures (including authority to use tribally based methods).

White Earth Band of Chippewa
Juvenile Justice Code: Chapter 12A Peacemaking Circle

Provides referral standards and procedures.