From the early 1800s through the 1970s, assimilation policies led to the forcible removal of Native children from their homes and communities. Subsequent policies, like the Indian Adoption Project of the 1950s and the widespread removal of children from their families in state custody proceedings led to the 1978 enactment of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). ICWA, and similar state laws, increase tribal authority over tribal child welfare. We have litigated high-profile ICWA cases and are a respected resource on child welfare issues.

Related Cases & Projects

Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) (Haaland v. Brackeen)

Defending the Law that Defends Our Children (Protect ICWA Campaign)

Tribal Child Welfare (V.B., by next friend Angel Smith v. Martin)

ICWA and Tribal Jurisdiction (State of Alaska v. Native Village of Tanana)

Tribal Child Welfare (Native Village of Tununak v. State of Alaska)

Tribal Court ICWA (Simmonds v. Parks)


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